Type 2 diabetic patients cannot use insulin properly resulting in abnormal blood glucose levels. This type of diabetes is more common in overweight people. So, in type 2 diabetes diet you should eat low fat foods, high fibers, fruits and vegetables. You can keep your blood sugar level under control with the help of proper diets.
In type 2 diabetes diet, control of carbohydrate intake is the main factor, because carbohydrates have a direct impact on the blood glucose levels than fats and proteins. In a perfect diet you should include suggested amount of carbohydrates. Milk, Bread and starches, Fruit and Starchy vegetables are carbohydrate containing food groups. High fibers in the diet help to lower the risks of heart disease, hypertension, obesity and strokes. To increase fiber intake in type 2 diet you have to include fresh fruits and vegetables, brown rice, whole grain products, and cooked dried beans. For type 2 diabetic diets select low-fat foods. Diabetes increases the risk of high blood pressure so always select low-sodium foods for type 2 diabetes diet. You have to avoid or limit high-sodium foods like canned meats, salt, canned vegetables, salad dressing, ketchup, mustard, pickled foods, salty snacks and soy sauce.
Diet is important while managing diabetes, but all diabetic diets have to be planned according to individual health and calorie requirements. You have to plan your daily meal according to your calorie requirements. A sample diet plan is: In breakfast include half large banana, one cup skim milk, two breads or 6 ounces of corn flakes along with a slice of toast. In lunch include two slices of breads, 2-3 ounces of meat like grilled chicken or sliced turkey breast and 2-3 ounces of vegetable salad. For evening snack you can select two to three ounces of vegetable salad and one slice of whole wheat bread with low fat cottage cheese. For dinner you can include one fruit, mixed vegetable salad with low-fat dressing, half cup pasta or rice and one cup milk (fat-free).
While planning a diet you should consider certain points as; choose the food as per calorie requirements, take the exact portion of food every day, do regular exercises with diet and take medication at the right times. For diabetic diet you have to limit salt, instead of that you can use herbs and spices. Spicy blend which you can use are 1 tbs. dry mustard, ¼ tsp. ground cumin, ¼ teaspoon ground white pepper, 2 ½ tsp. onion powder, ½ tsp. garlic powder, ¼ tsp. curry powder etc. You can also include herb seasoning like celery seed, basil leaves, dried dill weed, dried oregano leaves etc. Spicy items like cloves, paprika, pepper, coriander seed and rosemary.
Essential things for a type 2 diabetic diet are:
You should take balanced food with respect to protein, fats and carbohydrates. You should include sufficient caloric value. Always take regularly spaced meals of similar size. Foods in this diet should be high in fiber and low in fats. A type 2 diabetic patient should remember all these things while planning a diet.