A meal plan copy of diabetic diet provides detailed information about how much and what type of food you can eat in the diabetic diet. The right meal plan helps you to improve your blood sugar level, cholesterol level and blood pressure and also keep body weight on track.
There are many ways which help you to plan diabetes meal plan. Some of them are creating your plate, food guide pyramid, exchange lists and carbohydrate counting. All are different but the goal is same that is creating healthy meal plan. Healthy eating means eating variety of fresh fruits and vegetables, non-fat dairy products, whole grains, lean meats, poultry and fish.
To plan a meal for diabetic you should know about calories and other contents in selected foods. An exchange (amount of food) of each food contains different count of calories. One fruit exchange contains 60 calories that is 15 grams of carbohydrates. One fruit exchange means half mango, ½ cup orange juice (unsweetened), one small banana or one cup fresh blueberries. One starch exchange contains 80 calories. One starch exchange means one slice regular bread, two slices low-calorie bread, ½ cup bran flakes cereal, or ½ English muffin. One milk exchange contains 90 calories, which is one cup low-fat or skim milk or ¾ cup nonfat yogurt.
One fat exchange contains 45 calories with no protein and no carbohydrates. Examples of one fat exchange are one teaspoon olive oil, one teaspoon butter or margarine, two tablespoons low-calorie cream cheese, one slice of bacon, and one tablespoon salad dressing. One protein exchange contains 35 calories and one gram of fat, but lean meat contains 55 calories and 2 to 3 grams of fat. One protein exchange means one ounce chicken or turkey, one oz fish, one egg white, one oz lean beef or pork, 4 ounces tofu or ½ cup cooked beans.
A copy of meal plan for diabetes can be developed according to calorie needs. If person has 1200 calories requirement then sample of 1200 calorie meal plan is:
In breakfast include ¾ cup oatmeal, ½ cup orange juice, ½ mango and one cup coffee or low-fat milk. Total calories are 353.In lunch include two medium slices of bread, two oz grilled skinless chicken, 2-3 slices of tomato, raw carrots and lettuce with one teaspoon mayonnaise, and one cup calorie free beverage. Total calories are 360. In dinner include three oz grilled chicken breast, one cup steamed vegetables, ½ cup mashed potatoes, one medium dinner roll, one cup cantaloupe and water. Total calories are 540.
While planning meal for diabetic patient you have to consider medications and make sure that the food is balanced with the drugs. Many people use carbohydrate counting to control carbohydrate intake at each meal or snack. This plan is most useful for people who manage their diabetes by taking insulin with each meal. The exchange list is also helpful for meal plan. With the help of exchange list you can add variety of foods in your diabetes diet.