The number of diabetics around the world is ever increasing. The signs of diabetes vary from person to person. They are often mistaken for some other ailments. Diabetes is caused due to the inability of insulin in the body to control the level of sugar in the blood. For those who are not sure of the symptoms of diabetes and are experiencing some of them should consult the doctor for further management and treatment.
Diabetes can be Type 1 or juvenile diabetes, Type 2, and gestational diabetes. Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes symptoms are similar. In both the situations the amount of glucose in the blood is more and the cells of the body fall short on the amount of glucose. The high level of glucose in Type 1 diabetes that affects children, toddlers to teenagers is due to the lack of insulin as the insulin producing cells are destroyed. In type 2 diabetes the cells of the body become resistant to insulin. In both the case the cells lack glucose and let you know by giving different warning signs.
The most common sign of diabetes is frequent urination. The reason you feel the need to visit the bathroom is due to high amount glucose which exists in your body. With the insulin proving ineffective the kidneys are unable to filter glucose and end up drawing extra amount of water out of blood to dilute the glucose. This results in keeping your bladder full. Owing to the concentration of glucose in blood the brain receives signals to dilute blood causing increased feeling of thirst.
As a result of the lack of sufficient amount of water for the cells, you feel fatigue and dehydration. Due to the inefficiency of cells to metabolize glucose the body uses the reserve fat to satisfy energy requirements. Hence the body experiences a negative calorie effect which result in fatigue. It may also result in the feeling of uneasiness and irritability as there is insufficient glucose supply to the brain and other organs.
Weight loss without any effort happens more commonly in Type 1 diabetes patients. The pancreas stop making insulin because of the autoimmune response of the body, the body actually attacks the insulin producing cells. The body desperately needs another energy source as the cells do not get glucose. It breaks down the muscle tissues and fat for energy causing weight loss.
Due to the high glucose levels in the body and dehydration there is a dry and itchy feeling to the skin. Moreover any cuts, bruises and infections take longer to heal. You may notice frequent skin infections like fungal, bacterial or UTI (Urinary tract infections). The condition of the body called as hypersmolar, hyperglycemia non ketotic syndrome cause body fluid from tissue including lenses of the eyes being pulled. This causes blurring of vision and affects the ability of eyes to focus.
As diabetes progresses it also damages the nervous system, particularly the extremities. Type 2 diabetes is gradual and people often miss the initial signs. The blood sugar levels may remain high for years without diagnosis. Nerve damage may be caused without our knowledge. This causes the tingling sensations or numbness of hands, legs or feet.
If you notice any of the above signs of diabetes in yourself or your friends or relatives or children, schedule an appointment with the doctor. With appropriate tests they should be able to tell you if it is diabetes or not. Timely treatment of diabetes can help you stay in control and not allow diabetes to take over.