Diabetes is a serious health issue for millions around the world. While some are already aware of it, there are many who may not have noticed it as yet. Diabetes is a very deceptive disease. You may have diabetes and find no warning signs at all. It can lead to several other complications if it goes unnoticed. There are a few signs or symptoms that may warn you about diabetes. You may be curious by now to know, what are the first signs of diabetes?
There are three types of diabetes, Type 1 or juvenile onset diabetes, Type 2 that affects anyone and gestational diabetes which is caused during pregnancy. Though each type has its unique set of symptoms and signs there are a few signs that may ring the warning bells for you. Among the first signs is the urge to urinate frequently. It may be the first sign that says that your blood sugar levels are way too high. This happens because your body is pulling body fluids to balance the high blood sugar levels. This leads to the bladder getting full and thus causing frequent urination to remove the excess amounts from your system. You may notice that you need to urinate frequently when you eat foods with high sugar content like soda and desserts.
Similarly, you may start to feel thirstier than you normally do. This happens as you start losing fluids faster. The water from the cells gets drawn out and they get dehydrated and send signals of thirst to the brain. You feel thirstier than normal as the fluids you are losing need to be replaced. Moreover, as the body is unable to use glucose as energy the body signals for more food intake. You start feeling hungry frequently. Diabetics suffering from the Type 1 variety will also notice that in spite of consumption of sufficient food there is unexplained weight loss. This is because the body is unable to use the energy and to satisfy the energy needs starts breaking down the fat and tissues.
If you are feeling tired than usual it may be the result of energy not being transferred successfully where it is needed in the body. The body cells use energy from sugar to carry out daily operations and muscle movements. Diabetes, or even pre-diabetes condition, can make you feel drained of energy. There is always the feeling of tiredness and fatigue. Some of you may also feel drowsy and sleepy at odd times of the day.
Diabetes if undetected causes physical and neurological problems like blurred vision, itchy skin etc. You may also notice other early signs of diabetes like delayed healing of bruises and cuts. This happens as the immune system is affected by diabetes. Similarly there is an increased itchiness or a feeling of dry skin. Blurred vision is also a sign of diabetes as it causes macular degeneration. Excessive glucose in the blood also causes a tingling sensation or numbness of the extremities. However, these neurological signs are seen very late as diabetes progresses.
If you notice any of these first signs of diabetes and are not sure whether you are suffering from it, then you should immediately consult a doctor. There is a simple test to help detect diabetes. Timely treatment will help you to bring it under control and stay healthier.