In a diabetic patient, the body cannot make or properly use insulin. This results in high blood glucose, or sugar levels in the blood. Healthy dietary habits help in reducing blood sugar. This is an important part in management of diabetes because by controlling blood sugar complications of diabetes can be prevented.
The Common symptoms of diabetes include frequent urination, feeling very thirsty, feeling hungry or very tired, unexplained loss of weight. However, not all people with diabetes will show these symptoms.
The kidneys act as filters and help to clean the blood by getting rid of wastes. The veins bring impure blood and wastes from the bloodstream into the kidneys. Then the wastes and extra fluid go out into the urine. Clean blood leaves the kidneys and is circulated back into the bloodstream through the arteries. In a diabetic inflicted with kidney disease, high blood glucose and high blood pressure damage the kidney filters. Such damaged kidneys leak out protein into the urine. Damaged kidneys are unable to do a proper job of cleaning out wastes and extra fluids. Wastes and fluid build up in the blood instead of leaving the body by way of urine. This can lead to kidney failure
A lot can be done to prevent kidney problems. Controlling blood glucose can prevent or delay the onset of kidney disease. Diabetics must therefore keep their blood pressure under control.
Diet is one of the most important treatment in managing diabetes and kidney disease. Proper and informed selection of foods is the base on which diabetic treatment and management revolves. A registered dietitian can help you formulate meal plans that are flexible and take into account your lifestyle and other health needs. Healthy diabetic eating includes limiting sweets. Eating more number of times in a day, counting carbohydrates consumed, eating whole-grain foods, fruits and vegetables and less fat and limiting alcohol intake. Diets should provide required balance of protein, fat, and carbohydrates as per body needs, at the same time limiting the amounts of sodium, potassium, phosphorus. The diet should have sugar and fat to prevent low blood glucose and help maintain body weight. A proper diet plan will help in managing blood glucose levels and reduce the amount of waste and fluid the kidneys process.
As kidney failure develops, diabetic patients may have lower blood sugar levels especially with certain diabetic medicines. A certified dietitian may recommend an in between meal snack to prevent low blood sugar. Adjustments in diabetes medications by a medical practitioner may be required too. It is important for a diabetic to not only reach his ideal body weight but also maintain it lifelong. Weight control is the most important step in treatment of type 2 diabetes as extra body fat makes it difficult for people with this disease to make and use their own insulin.
Healthy diet helps keep blood glucose in the target range. Physical activity and, when prescribed, diabetic medicines will help in recovery and maintenance. The target ranges of the blood glucose levels are recommended by diabetes experts.
A host of health problems can be prevented by keeping blood glucose levels on target.
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